Published December 31, 1987
by CSIRO Publishing .
Written in English
|Contributions||G.A. Stewart (Editor), S.M. Lucas (Editor)|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||171|
Guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray) is a potential source of commercial natural commercialisation depends mainly on economical plant production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of improved lines in by: The repor1. 'The Potential Production ol ~!ural Rubber from Guayule 1n Au~tralia'. wa~ prepared by a group of seven CStRO scientists headed by Mr Alun Stewart of the Division of Chemical:u11l Wood Technology. It is the re~uh of several years' investigations into many aspect> - . Optimum conditions for the rapid, efficient, nondestructive determination of rubber producing potential in guayule (Parthenium argentatum) were established. The rubber producing potential may be defined as the ability of the plant material to synthesize rubber from a precursor under specified conditions. To achieve this, stem slices taken from the first 5 centimeters of branches were. Multiple scenarios of natural rubbers and co-products were evaluated for energy and impact offsets. • Guayule rubber production with electricity produced from its bagasse was the most promising scenario. • Hevea had highest impacts in GWP and AP, and synthetic and guayule rubbers in ODP.
Today, rubber holds a dominant role from small household things to complex products in medical, automobile and aerospace industries. But, the persistent fall in natural rubber (NR) production is jeopardizing the entire manufacturing industry. Guayule derived natural rubber is fast becoming the answer to the future of global rubber manufacturing. This is now a propitious time to develop guayule into a commercially viable crop. The consumption of natural rubber is expected to increase to million tons by , while the world production of natural rubber from Hevea was million tons in .The interplay of synthetic and natural rubber production with rapidly expanding economies creates unacceptable price volatility. Downes RW () Guayule physiology, genetics and adaptation. In: Stewart GA, Lucas SM (eds) Potential production of natural rubber from guayule (Parthenium argentatum) in Australia. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Australia, pp 13–26 Google Scholar. world production of natural rubber comes from H. brasiliensis; the remainder is extracted from guayule (Parthenum argentatum), a rubber containing shrub. The first rubber plantations in Malaysia were established as early as Hevea was introduced in Africa early in the 20th century: in Uganda and Nigeria (), Congo.
FERRARIS, R., Agronomic practices for the production of guayule. In G.A. Stewart and S.M. Lucas (eds). Potential produc-tion of natural rubber from guayule in Australia. Guayule in Australia: potential production of natural rubber from guayule (Parthenium argentatum) in Au Factors affecting the productivity of cultivated guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray) / G.A. Stewart, K. Evaluating new guayule varieties for low-allergenic rubber production: a . Natural rubber production from Guayule in Australia By P. Dissanayake, D. L. George and M. L. Gupta Topics: Crop and Pasture Production, EX, Primary Products From Plants. GUAYULE NATURAL RUBBER COMMERCIALIZATION Figures and Tables Acknowledgments Page iv v I. Introduction i II. Elastomer Supply and Demand 2 III. Guayule Rubber Technology: A State -of -the -Art Overview 6 Climatic and Agricultural Conditions 6 Potential Growing Areas 8 Cultural Practices 10 Water Requirements 10 Fertilizer Requirements 10 Disease, Weed, and Pest Control